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近日 本公司征集精品推荐:战国时期酒杯

近日 本公司征集精品推荐:战国时期酒杯

【藏品名称】:战国时期酒杯

[collection name]: Wine cup in the Warring States Period

【类别】:杂项

Class: miscellaneous

【藏品规格】:宽 7.5cm 长 8.3cm

[collection Specification]: width 7.5cm, length 8.3cm

 

爵是中国古代一种用于盛放、斟倒和加热酒的容器。是古代的青铜酒具,属贵族阶层使用,在结盟、会盟、出师、凯旋、庆功、宴会时,贵族阶层就用这类酒具饮酒,是十分珍贵的文物。

爵可以说是最早的酒器,功能上相当于现代的分酒器或温酒壶。流行于夏、商、周。爵的一般形状,前有流,即倾酒的流槽,后有尖锐状尾,中为杯,一侧有鋬,下有三足,流与杯口之际有柱,此为各时期爵的共同特点。

Jue is a vessel used to hold, pour and heat wine in ancient China. It is an ancient bronze wine set, which is used by the aristocracy. When making alliance, meeting, leaving school, triumphant victory, celebration and banquet, the aristocracy used this kind of wine set to drink, which is a very precious cultural relic.

Jue can be said to be the earliest wine vessel, which is equivalent to the modern wine separator or warm wine pot in function. Popular in summer, business and week. The general shape of the Marquis is that there is a flow in front of it, i.e. a trough for pouring wine, a sharp tail behind it, a cup in the middle, a cup on one side, three legs under it, and a column between the flow and the mouth of the cup. This is the common feature of the marquis in each period.

 

青铜器爵实际上就是相当于现今的酒壶。其形状为“圆腹前有倾酒用的流,后有尾,旁有把手。当属最早期的酒杯。

相关的酒器还有角、觚、觯、觥等。 “角”亦是酒器,但其形似爵,前后都有尾,无两柱。有的有盖。

觚与觯(盛酒器)的差别在于:觚“长身、侈口、口和底均呈喇叭状”, 觯“圆腹、侈口、圈足、形似小瓶,大多数有盖”。而兕觥是盛酒或饮酒器。“椭圆形腹或方形腹, 圈足或四足,盖作成兽头或象头形”。

The bronze ware Baron is actually the equivalent of today's wine pot. Its shape is "before the round belly, there is a flow for tipping wine, after the tail, there is a handle beside it.". It's the earliest wine glass.

Related wine vessels include horn, Gu, Chen, Gong, etc. "Horn" is also a wine vessel, but it looks like a marquis, with tail before and after, without two pillars. Some have covers.

The difference between Gu and Chen (wine container) is that Gu "has a long body, a large mouth, a large mouth and a small bottom in the shape of a trumpet", while Chen "has a round belly, a large mouth, a round foot, and a small bottle, most of which have a cover". And "Gong" is a wine or drinking vessel. "Oval belly or square belly, ring foot or quadruped, covered with animal head or elephant head".

 

中国古代青铜器源远流长,绚丽璀璨,有着永恒的历史价值与艺术价值。传世和近几年发现的大量青铜器表明,青铜器自身有着一个完整的发展演变系统。自夏、商、周至秦、汉整个青铜器发展史,大约可以分为十三期:即夏为二里头文化期,商、西周、春秋各为早、中、晚三期,战国分作早期和中、晚二期。秦、汉为青铜器发展 史的余辉。而青铜器爵在各期的特征,有不同的发展,其间最辉煌与最早当为青铜器“爵”。而透过爵的发展可以看到中国青铜器各个时代的不同特点。可以说,爵是青铜器中不可缺的重要一簇奇葩。

Ancient Chinese bronzes have a long history, brilliant, and eternal historical and artistic value. A large number of bronzes discovered in recent years and handed down show that bronzes have a complete development and evolution system. From Xia, Shang, Zhou to Qin and Han Dynasties, the development history of bronze ware can be divided into 13 periods: the Xia period is Erlitou culture period, the Shang, Western Zhou and spring and autumn periods are early, middle and late respectively, and the Warring States period is divided into early, middle and late periods. Qin and Han are the afterglow of the development history of bronzes. The characteristics of bronze Jue in different periods have different development, in which the most brilliant and the earliest should be bronze Jue. Through the development of Jue, we can see the different characteristics of Chinese bronzes in different times. It can be said that Jue is an important and wonderful work in bronze.

 

酒文化是诞生中华民族最早期文化中的青铜器时期,由此可见,对酒把杯,是中国人源远流长的文化传统。而爵算是遗传至今最伟大的酒文化传统的见证之一吧。

Wine culture is the Bronze Age in the earliest culture of the Chinese nation. It can be seen that the Chinese people have a long-standing cultural tradition to hold the cup to wine. And Jue is one of the witness of the greatest wine culture tradition.

 

丰富艺术生活,传递艺术价值!如果您对此感兴趣,欢迎联系庭杰网络服务有限公司!

Enrich art life and transfer art value! If you are interested in this , please contact Tingjie Network Service Co., Ltd!

 

分享是一种美德,分享是一种快乐,学会分享,快乐他人!

Sharing is a virtue, sharing is a joy, learn to share, happy others!

 

 

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